Industry and Society Project

     Many of the products required by modern society are produced by chemical industries through the application of science and technology. While many benefits result from these products, the by-products produced in the chemical processes may cause environmental problems.  The control of these problems involves an understanding of science and technology balanced by the needs of our society.

    The purpose of this unit is to provide students with opportunities to consider their responsibilities as citizens in a technological society, to acquire some of the scientific and technological knowledge that they will need in order to make informed decisions, and to understand the role played by a particular chemical industry as it supplies products to satisfy the demands of society.

    Many different chemical industries or products can be studied effectively to fulfill the objectives of this unit. It is intended that students achieve the objectives of this unit by selecting, in consultation with the teacher, a particular industry or product for study.

      The two possible topics are:

      Topic 1 -  A Chemistry Industry

      The selection of a local industry is preferable. Areas to be investigated and reported
      on area listed below.

       1.   Reason for the process.
       2.   History of the process.
       3.   Chemical reactions involved in manufacture.
       4.   Technology (equipment, materials, engineering design).
       5.   Factors considered in location of industry (sources and transportation of raw
             materials, energy requirements, human resources, environmental problems,
             market accessibility, waste disposal, economic considerations).
       6.   Effects on local area (environmental and social).
       7.   Role of the Chemist.

       Ideas of types of industries:
       Petroleum                                            Fertilizer
       Pulp and Paper                                   Plastics
       Electroplating                                      Man-Made Fibre
       Detergent                                            Ceramics and Glass
       Heavy Chemical                                 Brewing
       Paint                                                     Dye
       Pharmaceutical                                   Food Stuffs - soft drinks, etc.

       Topic 2 - A Chemical Product

       The selection of one product or type of product with wide usage is preferable.
       Areas to be investigated on are listed below.

       1.   Reasons for use of product (history).
       2.   Chemical reactions involved in use.
       3.   Benefits (technological, economic).
       4.   Disadvantages (resources, pollution, safety, side effects).
       5.   Social responsibility of manufacturer.
       6.   Supervision of use of manufacture (quality control, availability to public,

       Ideas of types of chemicals:
       Petroleum products                                  Marine paints
       Fertilizers                                                   Synthetic fibers
       Herbicides                                                 Preservatives
       Insecticides                                               Pharmaceutical products
       Medicine                                                    Plastic packaging

Evaluation of Project
    1.  One report to be submitted to the teacher from each student.
    2.  The report must be on Topic 1 or Topic 2.
    3.  Individual effort is strongly encouraged.

            The assessment breakdown to be followed is shown below:

            It is intended to assess the student's ability to:
            (a)  Conduct research into several aspects concerning the effects of Chemistry
                   in their local area.
            (b)  Present findings in an understandable and well organized format.

   4. Since this is an essay on a topic in chemistry, where possible, try to use as
       much of the language of chemistry as possible, ie; formulae, equations, structure
       diagrams, Lewis diagrams, etc.
   5. Include a bibliography.
* 6. Do not use technical words without explaining what they mean.
* 7. If you are copying material from a resource book, use quotation marks and
       footnotes at the bottom of the page.
  8. The best reports are those written in the students own words.
  9.  If somebody has given you help with information and explanations, acknowledge
10. Keep a log of time spent and include this at the end of the paper. eg.
      March 3 - 21/2 hours searching for material in the library.
11. If a flow chart of the process is included, make your own - do not photocopy
      one from a resource book.