| Industry and Society Project
Many of the products required by modern
society are produced by chemical industries through the application of science
and technology. While many benefits result from these products, the by-products
produced in the chemical processes may cause environmental problems.
The control of these problems involves an understanding of science and technology
balanced by the needs of our society.
The purpose of this unit is to provide students
with opportunities to consider their responsibilities as citizens in a technological
society, to acquire some of the scientific and technological knowledge that
they will need in order to make informed decisions, and to understand the
role played by a particular chemical industry as it supplies products to
satisfy the demands of society.
Many different chemical industries or products
can be studied effectively to fulfill the objectives of this unit. It is intended
that students achieve the objectives of this unit by selecting, in consultation
with the teacher, a particular industry or product for study.
The two possible topics are:
Topic 1 -
A Chemistry Industry
The selection of a local industry
is preferable. Areas to be investigated and reported
on area listed below.
1. Reason for
2. History of the
3. Chemical reactions
involved in manufacture.
4. Technology (equipment,
materials, engineering design).
5. Factors considered
in location of industry (sources and transportation of raw
materials, energy requirements, human resources, environmental problems,
market accessibility, waste disposal, economic considerations).
6. Effects on local
area (environmental and social).
7. Role of the Chemist.
Ideas of types of industries:
Pulp and Paper
Ceramics and Glass
Food Stuffs - soft drinks, etc.
2 - A Chemical Product
The selection of one product
or type of product with wide usage is preferable.
Areas to be investigated on
are listed below.
1. Reasons for
use of product (history).
2. Chemical reactions
involved in use.
3. Benefits (technological,
(resources, pollution, safety, side effects).
5. Social responsibility
6. Supervision of
use of manufacture (quality control, availability to public,
Ideas of types of chemicals:
Evaluation of Project
1. One report to be submitted to the teacher
from each student.
2. The report must be on Topic 1 or Topic
3. Individual effort is strongly encouraged.
The assessment breakdown to be followed is shown below:
It is intended to assess the student's ability to:
(a) Conduct research into several aspects concerning the effects of
in their local area.
(b) Present findings in an understandable and well organized format.
4. Since this is an essay on a topic in chemistry,
where possible, try to use as
much of the language of chemistry
as possible, ie; formulae, equations, structure
diagrams, Lewis diagrams, etc.
5. Include a bibliography.
* 6. Do not use technical words without explaining what they mean.
* 7. If you are copying material from a resource book, use quotation
footnotes at the bottom of the
8. The best reports are those written in the students own
9. If somebody has given you help with information and
10. Keep a log of time spent and include this at the end of the paper.
March 3 - 21/2
hours searching for material in the library.
11. If a flow chart of the process is included, make your own - do
one from a resource book.