Historical Background - Antiquity
to 350 AD
|| Lao Tzu
postulates the five element theory as a conflict between 'Yang' & 'Yin'
|c. 580 BC
||Thales postulates that the world floats on water.
|c. 450 BC
postulates the existence of four 'roots' or elements (air, water, earth and
fire) which combine to form all physical bodies.
|c. 400 BC
expounds theory that all things are made up of tiny, indivisible particles
|c. 387 BC
||Plato founds Academy
|c. 355 BC
||Aristotle founds Lyceum at Athens.
|c. 310 BC
feels that fire is more important than the other elements.
|c. 306 BC
founds school (the “Garden”) in Athens.
|c. 300 BC
||Zeno postulates that
'pneuma' or the vital spirit is part of matter.
|c. 133 BC
of China convinces an emperor to let him make up create gold from cinnabar
to promote immortality.