Thermodynamic Properties of the Elements
Element
Symbol
 Z   
M
m.p.
oC
b.p.
oC
Enthalpy of Fusion
kJ/mol
Specific Heat
J/goC
Enthalpy of Vaporization
kJ/mol
Actinium
Ac
89
227.0278
817
2470
10.5
----
293
Aluminum
Al
13
26.98154 60
2467
10.5
0.9000
291
Americium
Am
95
342.0614
1170
2600
10.0
----
239
Antimony
Sb
51
121.75
631
1587
20.0
0.207
195
Argon
Ar
18
39.948
-189.37
-185.9
1.21
0.519
6.52
Arsenic
As
33
74.9216
615
816
93.7
0.331
128
Astantine
At
85
209.9871
302
337
11.9
----
45.2
Barium
Ba
56
137.33
727
1850
7.8
0.179
136
Berkelium
Bk
97
247.703
986
----
----
----
----
Beryllium
Be
4
9.01218
1287
2500
15
1.83
309
Bismuth
Bi
83
208.9804
271
1564
10.5
0.122
172
Boron
B
5
10.811
2180
3650
23.6
1.03
505
Bromine
Br
35
79.904
-7.25
59.5
10.6
0.349
30.0
Cadmium
Cd
48
112.41
321
765
6.4
0.232
100
Calcium
Ca
20
40.078
839
1494
8.6
0.652
155
Californium
Cf
98
251.0796
900
----
----
----
----
Carbon
C
6
12.011
4100
4827
105
0.716
326
Cerium
Ce
58
140.12
804
3470
5.2
0.194
398
Cesium
Cs
55
132.9054
28.5
705
2.09
0.238
67
Chlorine
Cl
17
35.453
-101.00
-34.0
6.41
0.477
20.4
Chromium
Cr
24
51.9961
1900
2690
21
0.448
342
Cobalt
Co
27
58.9332
1495
3100
16.3
0.446
382
Copper
Cu
29
63.546
1083
2567
13.0
0.386
307
Curium
Cm
96
247.0703
1340
----
----
----
----
Dysprosium
Dy
66
162.50
1407
2600
17.2
0.173
280
Einsteinium
Es
99
252.0828
----
----
----
----
----
Erbium
Er
68
167.26
1497
2900
17.2
0.168
280
Europium
Eu
63
151.96
826
1939
10.5
0.156
176
Fermium
Fm
100
257.0951
----
----
----
----
----
Fluorine
F
9
18.998403
-218.6
-188.14
0.51
0.824
6.54
Francium
Fr
87
223.0197
27
677
----
----
----
Gandolinium
Gd
64
157.25
1312
3000
15.5
0.232
301
Gallium
Ga
31
69.723
29.78
2403
5.59
0.374
270
Germanium
Ge
32
72.59
945
2850
36.8
0.322
328
Gold
Au
79
196.9685
1064
2808
12.8
0.128
343
Hafnium
Hf
72
178.49
2222
4450
25.1
0.136
571
Helium
He
2
4.002602
-272.2
-268.9
0.0182
5.19
0.08
Holmium
Ho
67
164.9304
1461
2600
17.2
0.165
280
Hydrogen
H
1
1.00794
-259.19
-252.76
0.117
14.3
0.904
Indium
In
49
114.82
157
2080
3.26
0.235
232
Iodine
I
53
126.9045
113.6
185.2
15.5
0.285
41.0
Iridium
Ir
77
192.22
2443
4550
26.4
0.130
612
Iron
Fe
26
55.847
1535
2750
13.8
0.448
340
Krypton
Kr
36
83.80
-157.20
-153.4
1.63
0.247
9.05
Lanthanum
La
57
138.9055
920
3420
8.5
0.199
402
Lawrencium
Lr
103
260.1054
----
----
----
----
----
Lead
Pb
82
207.2
327.5
1751
4.81
0.138
178
Lithium
Li
3
6.941
180.54
1347
2.93
3.48
148
Lutetium
Lu
71
174.967
1652
3327
19.2
0.137
414
Magnesium
Mg
12
24.305
649
1105
8.9
1.01
127
Manganese
Mn
25
54.9380
1244
2060
13.4
0.480
221
Mendelevium
Md
101
258.0936
----
----
----
----
----
Mercury
Hg
80
200.59
-38.84
356.58
2.30
0.139
59.1
Molybedenum
Mo
42
95.94
1620
4650
27.6
0.248
594
Neodymium
Nd
60
144.24
1024
3027
7.13
0.201
289
Neon
Ne
10
20.179
-248.61
-246.06
0.324
1.03
1.74
Neptunium
Np
93
237.0482
640
5235
9.46
0.124
336
Nickel
Ni
28
58.69
1455
2920
17.2
0.443
375
Niobium
Nb
41
92.9064
2468
4758
26.8
0.266
680
Nitrogen
N
7
14.0067
-210.0
-195.8
0.721
1.04
5.58
Nobelium
No
102
259.1009
----
----
----
----
----
Osmium
Os
76
190.2
3045
5025
31.7
0.130
738
Oxygen
O
8
15.9994
-218.8
-182.96
0.445
0.916
6.81
Palladium
Pd
46
106.42
1552
2940
17.6
0.245
362
Phosphorus
P
15
30.97376
44.1
281
2.51
0.724
49.8
Platinum
Pt
78
195.08
1769
4170
19.7
0.134
469
Plutonium
Pu
94
244.0642
640
3230
2.80
0.137
344
Polonium
Po
84
208.9824
254
962
12.6
0.126
103
Potassium
K
19
39.0983
63.2
766
2.39
0.748
79.0
Praseodymium
Pr
59
140.9077
935
3020
11.3
0.197
331
Promethium
Pm
61
144.9128
1168
2460
12.6
0.185
293
Protactinium
Pa
91
231.0359
1552
4227
16.7
0.121
481
Radium
Ra
88
226.0254
700
1140
8.37
0.120
146
Radon
Rn
86
222.176
-71
-62
3.25
0.0937
18.1
Rhenium
Re
75
186.207
3180
5650
34
0.138
704
Rhodium
Rh
45
102.9055
1960
3760
21.6
0.245
494
Rubidium
Rb
37
85.4678
39
688
2.20
0.359
76
Ruthenium
Ru
44
101.07
2282
4050
25.5
0.238
568
Samarium
Sm
62
150.36
1072
1800
8.9
0.188
165
Scandium
Sc
21
44.95591
1539
2748
15.8
0.524
333
Selenium
Se
34
78.96
217
685
5.10
0.272
59.7
Silicon
Si
14
28.0855
1420
3280
50.6
0.705
383
Silver
Ag
47
107.86821
961
2155
11.1
0.236
258
Sodium
Na
11
22.98977
97.81
881.4
2.64
1.23
99
Strontium
Sr
38
87.62
768
1381
8.2
0.296
158
Sulphur
S
16
32.066
112.8
444.7
1.23
0.736
10.5
Tantalum
Ta
73
180.9479
2980
5534
24.7
0.140
758
Technetium
Tc
43
97.9072
2200
4567
23.0
0.243
585
Tellurium
Te
52
127.60
452
989.8
13.5
0.201
49.8
Terbium
Tb
65
158.9254
1356
2800
16.3
0.182
293
Thallium
Tl
81
204.383
303.5
1457
4.31
0.129
166
Thorium
Th
90
232.0381
1750
4850
16.11
0.123
514
Thulium
Tm
69
168.9342
1545
1727
18.4
0.160
247
Tin
Sn
50
118.710
232
2623
7.07
0.220
296
Titanium
Ti
22
47.88
1667
3285
18.8
0.520
425
Tungsten
W
74
183.85
3410
5500
35.2
0.134
824
Uranium
U
92
238.0289
1130
3930
12.6
0.116
417
Vanadium
V
23
50.9415
1915
3350
12.6
0.116
417
Xenon
Xe
54
131.29
-110.80
-108.1
3.10
0.158
12.7
Ytterbium
Yb
70
173.04
824
1427
3.35
0.132
159
Yttrium
Y
39
88.9059
1530
3264
11.5
0.291
367
Zinc
Zn
30
65.39
419.5
907
7.28
0.386
114
Zirconium
Zr
40
91.224
1857
4200
19.2
0.278
567